On the world’s list of greatest inventions, the internet ranks somewhere between cultivated rice and fire. It is a relatively recent invention, but it has significantly revolutionised the computer and communication world like nothing before. The internet is considered to be a mechanism of information dissemination, a world-wide broadcasting capability and a medium for collaboration and interaction between individuals and their computers without regard to their geographical location. It represents one of the most successful examples of the benefits of sustained investment and commitment to research and development of information infrastructure.
Today’s internet is a widespread information infrastructure with its initial prototype being the National, Global or Information Infrastructure. History – of the web is quite complicated and involves some organisational, technological and community aspects. Its influence goes beyond the technical fields of computer communications to the society as a whole as we move towards growing use of online tools to accomplish community operations, electronic commerce and information acquisition.
Who Invented the Internet – The Real Question?
The Internet: We love it; we need it; we can’t live without it. The question that remains is who invented the internet? No single person can take the credit for creating or inventing the internet. This is to be expected since technology is so expansive and ever-changing. The internet was the work of dozens of pioneering programmers, engineers and scientists who developed new features and techniques that were eventually merged to become the information superhighway that we enjoy today. Technology experts also claim several government agencies and handful of individuals that have been so instrumental in creating the internet.
So many years before the technology even existed to build the internet; so many scientists had already anticipated the worldwide network of information existence. Nikola Tesla toyed with a world wireless system in the 1990s. At around 1930s, Paul Otlet, a Belgium information expert came up with ideas which look like the ones on the internet as he wrote on a Radiated Library’ which would enable TV watchers to connect to encyclopaedic knowledge via telephone signals. He also describes how possible it would be for people to use this ‘network’ to send messages, share files or even congregate into social hubs ( the Twitter or Facebook we have today). In 1940s Vannevar Bush conceived of mechanised, searchable storage systems of media and books.
What Year Was the Internet Invented?
But still, the first practical schematics for the Internet would not arrive until the early 1960s. In 1962, J.C.R Licklider- a computer scientist and owner of BBN formulated a number unique ideas regarding global networking describing an ‘Intergalactic Computer Network’ in several memos. He popularised the idea of computers across the globe linking together and allowing anybody with a computer to share information. Luck was on Licklider’s side since he had the perfect idea just at the perfect time coming at the moment when the US was looking for a communication system that wouldn’t be affected by any nuclear attack after the Cold War.
What Country Invented the Internet?
It’s because of these ground breaking ideas that Licklider landed a position as the US Department of Defence Research Projects Agency -ARPA/ DARPA director. This government agency was instrumental in the creation of time sharing network- of computers, referred to as Advanced- Research Projects Agency Network( ARPANET) which was the precursor of the internet today. This was initially funded by Department of Defense in the US, and ARPANET was using packet switching to enable multiple computers to communicate on a single network. The debut ARPANET- communications were between Kleinrock’s lab and the Stanford Research Institute in October 1969 under Elizabeth Feinler as a director who later developed domains including .edu, .gov, .mil, .com among so much more.
Those who had worked on ARPANET would then go ahead to work on other advancements with Leonard Kleinrock inventing the packet switching which is a fundamental internet technology whereas Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn would in the 1970s invent TCP/IP protocol. Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol is a communication model that sets the standards for how data can be transmitted between several networks. Its development was a way solving the challenges with the initial homogeneous trials undertaken by ARPANET at communication among computers In 1st January 1983, ARPANET adopted TCP/IP and researchers would then begin assembling the network that would make up the modern internet.
After ARPANET had been decommissioned officially in 1990, NSF focused on building a network that would work without depending on government funding. It would then lift all restriction of its network’s commercial use in 1991 and by 1995, the internet was privatised officially. It has spanned across seven continents, reached into space and was 50,000 systems stable.
In 1990, the online world took on a much more recognisable form when Tim Berbers-Lee, a computer scientist invented www( World Wide Web). People would often confuse it with the internet, but www is just the most common way of accessing the online data in the form of hyperlinks and websites. The web has therefore enhanced the internet’s popularity among the public as well as serving as a crucial step in developing the extensive trove of information that we quickly access today. Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf also acknowledge the input of Al Gore in the Internet growth and development from the 1970’s to the present.
Clearly, the internet is made up of several players, several points of origin and multiple events which help to understand its origin adequately. History of – the internet is just like the history of transport since they both go through stages of developments with so many people contributing to its realisation. The individuals mentioned above are just some of those whose work blossomed into the Internet creation. Without their contribution, we wouldn’t have the global network of networks which is one of the most remarkable inventions in human history.