Introduction and History
Established in 1896, Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) is one in a number of public universities located in Shanghai, China. The institute came into existence following an imperial edict that was put forward by the emperor of Guangxu.
The state telegraph and the communications agency run SJTU in its early years. In fact, the term Jiaotong loosely translates to transportation. However, the university has since then evolved, not just to provide communication-based studies, but into a full-fledged institution offering a myriad of other disciplines.
At the time of its establishment, SJTU had four schools, namely Normal, Foreign Studies, Middle and High Schools. The institution changed names in1 904 after the Ministry of Commerce took over the leadership and came to be known as the Imperial Polytechnic College of the Commerce Ministry. Two years later, it changed names again after the Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs took over.
The name changes did not end there. Around the time when the Republic of China was founded, Shanghai Jiao Tong University was placed under the supervision of the Communications Ministry and was named Government Institute of Technology of the Communications Ministry. In the year 1938, the Ministry of Education took over the leadership of the University, and it was renamed to National Chiao Tung University.
It was not until 1950, after the development of the pinyin Romanization system in Mainland China that the institution became known by its English name, Jiao Tong University.
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For current news and information on the university’s programs, SJTU’s official website is http://en.sjtu.edu.cn/
The Academic Ranking of World Universities in 2014 ranked SJTU among the top 101-150 globally. Similarly, the institution was ranked 6th in the QS BRICS University rankings and 27th in the Times Higher Education rankings.
The ARWU rankings of 2015 placed SJTU between 101st and 150th. However, subject fields rankings placed the institution at 28 in English, 101-150 in Science, and 151-200 in Life Sciences. The 2015 ARWU ranked the Institution’s Mathematics Department at 42, and at 48 in Computer Sciences.
The university’s student population is roughly 42,881 of which 17,766 are enrolled in undergraduate programs and 24,017 in Masters and PhD studies. The number of international students at SJTU currently stands at about 1,598.
Faculties and Disciplines Offered
SJTU has continued to introduce more programs in its portfolio. Currently, SJTU has 31 departments (schools). The institution provides 63 undergraduate programs and 250 master’s programs. Additionally, there are 203 PhD programs and a further 28 post-doctorate programs. Being a research-oriented institution, SJTU has 11 laboratories, as well as national engineering research centres.
The various schools of SJTU are: the Schools of International Education, International & Public Affairs, Media & Design, Foreign Languages, Economics & Management, Law, Humanities, Naval Architecture Ocean & Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science & Engineering, Electronic Information & Electrical Engineering, Software, Information Security, Microelectronics, Mathematics, Pharmacy, Life Sciences & Biotechnology, Biomedical Engineering, Agriculture & Biology, Environmental Science & Engineering, Aeronautics & Astronautics, and Medicine.
SJTU has continually striven to improve its independent research innovation capability. For instance, the University won 11 state Scientific and Technological awards in the year 2010. A year later, SJTU was awarded another 13 state Scientific and Technological prizes. SJTU has overseen a lot of research accomplishments like the Perfluoro-ionomer Exchange Materials and Their Applications. Additionally, a key research on the Key Technology and Equipment’s of Soil and Precision Fertilizer led to an Application which saved more than 14,000 tonnes of fertiliser over a 3.37 million acres of land.
SJTU also carried out research Studies on Children’s sleep patterns. Their subsequent application primarily focused on the health benefits of sleep on children. The outcome of this research led to a 30-minute delay on the starting of school time. In short, it increased the general length of children’s sleep by 23.4 minutes.
SJTU has also cooperated with various institutes in various research fields both domestically and internationally. SJTU faculties have more than 1,900 professors. This number includes about 15 academicians drawn from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and 20 from the Chinese Academy of Engineering. SJTU also boasts a number of museums where students can spend their time to familiarising themselves with the different cultures and activities they exhibit. The Museum of Shanghai Jiao Tong University of History, for instance, provides insightful facts within its three exhibition halls on cultural relics, documents, and other materials to do with the university’s road to growth and transformation.
The are plenty of social activities for that students. There are sporting facilities which is carried out in the different sports facilities at SJTU. The New Gymnasium (the SJTU Sports Arena) for example, organises lectures, concerts, and games. Notably, the basketball games of the Shanghai Special Olympic Games in 2007 were hosted there. Other sporting facilities available host events like badminton, basketball, volleyball, billiard, bowling, Ping-Pang, football, and tennis. The SJTU Swimming Pool, located on the north side of Guangming Stadium. SJTU also has the SJTU Dancing Team which specialises in various genres including Folk Dance, Ballet, Latin, Yang Go and Chinese Classical Dance. There are also a number of clubs and societies students can join.
International students at SJTU provides ample opportunities for students to meet each other and experience various cultures and traditions. Such possibilities can lead to them learning a new language.
In terms of job opportunities, contracts, freelance work, full employment and internships and even volunteering opportunities are also opportunities.
Also, the partnerships between SJTU and other research facilities both locally and internationally gives the university’s students unique opportunities to gain valuable experience in the world of Research. Further, the range of faculties and programs on offer at SJTU gives students enough options to pick programs based on their interests and abilities.