So what about those Sweat Shops?
Moving into a new country requires that you understand the laws that are used to govern it. You are probably in a career that makes you move from country to country. Your next stop is China. Before moving into your new workstation, you need to understand the labor laws since there is always a high chance that they will affect you and your career in one way or another. As a result, the China labor laws then become of interest to you since you have constantly heard of the stringent work ethic of the Chinese people. The praises that have been heaped lavishly on how the Chinese people work so hard interests you further and you desire to find out why the Chinese are that successful. What further boosts your level of curiosity is the urge to find out how the Chinese labor laws are regulated.
With the coming of the Chinese labor laws effective in 1995, China has continued enjoying great economic success. A sustained labor force enjoying good working condition is a key ingredient towards making any country succeed in both local and international trade. This is probably the reason why China is now considered the world’s largest exporter and importer. What then triggers your curiosity to find out why China has considered a leader in international trade is the constitution of the Chinese labor force, the level of participation of both the male and female workers and also the working conditions. According to data from the World Bank and International Labor Organization, the China labor force participation rate for the general population has been on the downward trend with the rates moving between 65% and 62.5%. It will be interesting to note that the percentage of males in China labor force participation rate is higher than that of females. A reason meant to explain the downward trend is probably the increasing number of labor protests and widespread closure of manufacturing plants and factories which have for long been providing jobs to a large section of the population.
According to the Chinese child labor laws, minors are considered to be children under the age of 16 years. A sad tale of exploitation of minors will be of interest to you since recent studies show that Chinese child labor laws have been flouted by a large number of industries, companies, and employers. ‘Light mechanical work’ as it has commonly been referred to is the inclusion of minors in labor in China factories. You are probably still wondering why effecting the Chinese child labor laws have hit a snag. China’s economic necessity as it aims at becoming world’s number one economy is the reason why there has been continued flouting of the child labor laws. Moreover, the impact of China’s socio-economic changes, as well as a culture of schooling that teaches the children to be innovative at early stages of their lives, is also a contributing factor as to why minors are often involved in labor. The superior vision possessed by a large number of child employees is also another reason why there has been increased the number of minors working in factories. This has resulted to employers preferring to hire minors with vision since it is cheaper to pay them.
The working conditions in China today reveal a different story too. Recently, China’s economy has been slowing, and this has led to workers feeling the sting. This is in light of what experts have termed as a lack of seriousness in enforcing the labor rights laws. Moreover, there has been no indication that the working conditions in China will improve anytime soon. It will come to you as a shock that Shenzhen, which is considered the ‘world’s factory floor,’ is now facing challenges marked by the closure of scores of factories and other manufacturing centers. Wage is a crucial component required in running a successful labor force. With some factories unable to pay their workers, there have been increased labor protests as workers have to bear with late payments or even no payments at all.
As China looks to cement its status as among the world’s leading participants in international trade, the significance of the South China Sea cannot be ignored. You are probably asking why this sea is important. First, it is a strategic waterway through which the country’s imports and exports are received from and dispatched to other parts of the world. Also, it is estimated that oil and natural gas deposits contained in this sea are large enough to make it contain more oil than any other part of the globe except Saudi Arabia. However, the People’s Republic of China is in a territorial dispute with other nations neighboring the South China Sea i.e. Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Taiwan, Vietnam, and the Philippines as each nation lays a claim towards claiming territorial authority over sections of the sea. This dispute is still a subject of discussion as the nations look towards coming up with a collective agreement as to how they will share the reserves. If the disputes are solved and China starts exporting the oil, then its economy is expected to grow faster. With faster economic growth, you and I know that the labor conditions of the nation will be improved. An improvement in the working conditions will be in one way or another help in faster implementation and regulation of the labor laws.
In light of you moving to China to take up your new role, it will be of interest to you to take into account the highlights that have been discussed above. Despite the existence of the China labor laws meant to govern the workers, the necessity to improve its status towards becoming the world’s leading economy have led to companies, factories and other sets of employers to disregard these laws. Long working hours, poor working conditions, low wages, delayed payments, and even the inclusion of minors in various kinds of tasks are just some of the ways in which some employers have continued to violate the labor laws.
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